Potatoes enjoy its reputation in many cultures and they have been eaten for over 10,000 years . Potatoes can not only provide you with potassium but potatoes are rich in carbs and fibers. Carbs are there to provide you instant energy and fiber is there to provide you sensation of being full.
You can make different things with the potatoes but generally they are baked, boiled, fried, roasted or dehydrates. Having potatoes with you when you most needed them might get difficult if you do not know the best way to store potatoes.
Properly storing them can help to extend their shelf life and it can also prevent unnecessary waste. In this article you will get to know the best storage technique that will help to store the potatoes. You can also find the tips for selecting the best and fresh potatoes.
What Is The Best Way To Store Potatoes
There are many ways that help you to store the potatoes but here are the best ways
Storing Them in Cold Places
Storing the potatoes in the cold place can play a significant role in extending the storage life of the potatoes. You can store the potatoes to 43 to 50 °F or 6–10°C. In this way you can keep the potatoes for months.
However, this temperature is not found in the fridge and it is found in the cool cellars, basements, sheds and garages. Storing potatoes in such temperature range can help to avoid the formation of sprouts on the potatoes skin. When you see the sprouts then you will know that they are spoiled.
In 1 study it was said that storing the potatoes in cool temperature might help to extend the life of the potato as compared to storing them at the room temperature. You should also know that storing them at low temperature may also help to preserve the vitamin C in them.
There is another research that showed that the potatoes in the cool temperate can maintain almost 90% of the vitamin for 4 months as compared to the potatoes stored under room temperature. Moreover, the potatoes stored at room temperature losses 20% of their vitamin C in just 1 month .
Storing the potatoes slightly above the refrigeration can also extend the shelf life and can maintain vitamin C in them.
Keep Them Away From Light
Sunlight or any other light can cause potato skin to generate chlorophyll and this may make your potato to turn green. You should know that the green color is harmless but exposing the potato to sun can produce toxic chemicals in the potato such as solanine.
Potatoes are not discarded because of their green color but they are discarded because of high content of Solanine. Solanine can also create a bitter taste and it can also cause burning sensation in the mouth as well as throat.
Solanine is toxic to human when they consume it in large quantity. Having it in large quantity can cause nausea, diarrhea and even vomiting. You need to know that Solanine can also cause death and deaths are also reported because of solanine.
In many countries there is a limit set in commercial potatoes to be under 91 mg per pound. Solanine is located in the peel and 1/8th inch of the flesh. You should also know that cutting the skin can also remove the green flash and can remove the solanine.
Avoid storing the potatoes in the Fridge and Freezer
Cold temperature is good for the potatoes just as mentioned above but refrigeration and freezing is not the right option. When you store it in refrigerator it cause cold induced sweetening, this sweetening occurs because the starch is converted into sugar.
Having such reducing sugar might also produce carcinogenic substance known as acrylamides, when such potatoes are exposed to high cooling temperate. So, to avoid this from happening you need to avoid storing it in the refrigerator.
You need to keep in mind that uncooked potatoes are not to be stored because freezing them can make the potatoes to expand and to form crystals. This can also break down the cell wall of the potatoes and such can make the potatoes mushy and unusable when it is defrosted.
The raw potatoes might also start to turn brown when they are stored in the freezer. This can happen because of the enzymes that cause browning. Such enzymes are active in the potato even when they are under freezing temperatures.
However, you can freeze the potatoes when they are partially or fully cooked. The cooking process stops the enzymes activities and this can prevent discoloring.
Place it in the Open Bowl or Bag
Potatoes need proper aeration to prevent the accumulation of moisture and this can lead to spoilage. The best way can be to allow free circulation of air, and you can do this by storing it in the open bowl or proper bag.
You need to stop saving them in a sealed container that does not have proper ventilation. Avoid using zipped plastic bags and lidded glassware.
Without proper air, the moisture from the potatoes may release can be collected inside the container and this may promote growth of mold as well as bacteria.
Don’t Wash It Before Storing
Potatoes grow underground and they have dirt on the skin. You may be washing the dirt off before storing it but this can lower the storage life of the potatoes. You need to know that your potatoes may last long if you store them dry.
If you are concerned about the pesticides then you can wash the potatoes with 10% of vinegar or salt solution. You can use them and this can remove twice the residue as you expect from the water to remove.
Keep Away From Other Products
There are many fruits and vegetables that release ethylene gas when they are ripen. This helps the fruits to get soften and it can increase the sugar content. It such fruits and vegetables are stored closely to the potatoes then the potatoes may become soft quickly.
So, you don’t have to store the potatoes near the ripening fruits and vegetables. Bananas, apples, onions and tomatoes are in the top of the list that can spoil the fruits near to them. These foods have large amount of ethylene content in them.
However, there is no study that indicates the effect of such fruits or vegetable on the potatoes. You might want to avoid the risk and to store the potatoes away from these fruits and vegetables.
Cure Potatoes Then Store It
Most people have the potatoes from the local market but they could be damaged. You can cure the potatoes before storing them, curing means that you provide moderate temperature to the potatoes around 18°C and 65°F you also need to provide humidity of 65°F for 2 weeks.
You can also make use of the dark closet or you can empty the shower with the space heater or you can have the bowl of water. You can also lit 40-watt light bulb for heat and the bowl of water can be for humidity.
These conditions will help the potatoes to make thicker skin and this might help heal injuries of the potatoes that may occur due to harvesting. It can also reduce the chance of decay during the storage.
Now you have the cured potatoes you can keep them in good and good ventilation to ensure the long time.
Storing Raw Slices In Water For One Whole Day
Once you peeled and sliced the potato then you have exposed them to the air. Exposing them to air can make them lose the color. This is because the potato contain enzyme called polyphenol oxidase. This can react with the oxygen and can turn the flesh to grey or brownish color.
You can prevent discoloring by peeling the potatoes and soring the slices in water. You can also keep them in refrigerator to use them in the future. Having them dipped in water may help to protect them from air thus preventing browning by enzyme.
However, if you left in water for 24 hours then it will absorb too much water and by this potatoes will become soggy and tasteless. If you are planning to cook the potatoes in the same day then apply this technique.
For storing it for later use you can vacuum pack it, this technique will avoid the air for coming to the potato. You need to remove the air from the package and then tightly seal it. Generally you can store vacuum packed potatoes for one week in the refrigerator.
Storing Cooked Potatoes for 3 to 4 days
Cooked potatoes can last in the fridge for several days. You need to know that the cooked potatoes may become watery or gummy. The potatoes are made from starches so they may change the shape and they may release the water when they are cool.
Cooking and cooling of the potatoes can increase the formation of resistant starch this is a type of carbohydrate that human cannot digest and absorb.
This might be a good for those who are suffering from blood sugar problem. If you are suffering from blood sugar problem you can read more about strictionD because it might provide you with all natural solution.
According to the research, this can reduce the glycemic index by 25% and this can cause spike in the blood sugar after eating. Starch resistant might also endorses gastrointestinal health because it can produce short chain fatty acid, and such fatty acid helps to keep the lining of the intestine healthy and strong.
Store Cooked Potatoes in the Freezer For 1 year
If you are not planning to eat cooked potatoes in a few days then it is best to freeze them. Cooked leftovers can easily be stored if it is freeze without browning. Cooking destroys the enzymes that are responsible for recoloring.
Just like frozen products the leftover potatoes can last long if they are protected from the air while it is freeze. You can have a plastic bag or storage container, because such can keep the air out of the package and can keep the potato fresh.
Research has shown that the frozen cooked potatoes can last up to one year without showing any significant changes. When you are ready to eat the potatoes then you have to defrost them in the refrigerator overnight before heating and serving. This can provide you with better texture than defrosting it using a microwave.
How To Select the Best Potatoes
You will have the best taste and you can ensure the longevity of the potato if they are fresh when they are purchased. While selecting the potatoes you need to look for these features.
1. Firm To Touch
When you are having the potato you need to ensure that they are not soft at all. Potatoes can become soft if they degrade. So, look for the firm and bright potato.
2. Smooth Skin
Cold temperature might damage the potatoes skin so you need to avoid having that potato. You can look for the pitted skin and brown centers, if you have that you can avoid having such potatoes. You can look for the smooth textured skin of the potato.
3. No Bruises or injuries
Potatoes may damage due to transport or during the harvesting. You can avoid having the potatoes that have suffered from visible injuries and it is often easy to spot the injuries.
4. No Sprouting
Sprouts can be the 1st thing that can tell you that the potato is spoiled. You can avoid having the potato that has already sprouted. You can also consider some of the exotic potato varieties. The best varieties include blue or purple flesh.
There is a study that indicated that colored varieties of the fruits or vegetable can indicate that they have large amount if antioxidant.
If you want to extent the shelf life of the potatoes then knowing the best way to store potatoes might help you to avoid food wasting. If you want to store the uncooked potatoes then you can store them in the dark cool place and prove it proper air and you need to avoid placing it in refrigerator.
You also need to avoid cutting, peeling or washing because it will decrease the storage life. The raw potatoes are not to be placed in the vacuum sealing. If you want to store the cooked potatoes then you need to keep it in the refrigerator and refrigerator can provide freshness to 3 to 4 days. If you place it in air tight container then might be possible you have 1 whole year with the potatoes.
You can also cure the potatoes; you can place them in a warmer temperature and can provide humidity and soil to refresh the potato. Despite the storage, you can have the potatoes for longer time if they are fresh.